Sacred Site – Throwback Thursday

IMG_6795Have you ever walked on ground that made feel a little spooked? Or perhaps you got the feeling that you were being watched. I have experienced these feelings on the Border between North Korea and South Korea, which is referred to as the DMZ. I was doing combat patrols along the DMZ while serving in the U.S. Army. Once when I was acting as point man for our patrol team, I came across burial mounds. I halted the patrol and our assistant patrol leader; Brett Pew came up to my location to analyze how to go around this sacred site. In Korea the dead are traditionally buried under mounds standing upright in specially made coffins made with six planks of wood. The fact that the corpses face south did not go unnoticed by me and the irony of this situation created made me mindful of just how serious the mission was. We maneuvered around the burial mounds partially out of respect but also out of fear of minefields, David Rivas are Korean cultural expert and Veteran of many Combat patrols on the DMZ briefed us on the danger of walking through the mounds.

David Rivas, DMZ expert

David Rivas, DMZ expert

After we moved around the sacred site and laid out for the night ambush, I glanced back at the mounds and the illumination from the moon made them appear even more ominous. After returning from our patrol and being debriefed I talked with Brett Pew and David Rivas-Cortez in more detail about how these mounds gave me a weird feeling and they both agreed with me. When our 90 days on the DMZ was up I sought out our base barber Ms. Choi in order to learn more about Korean culture and burial customs. Ms. Choi explained that the reason that I felt uneasy about walking through that burial site on the DMZ was that there were no children of the deceased to honor the burial mounds, which is customary in Korean culture.

IMG_2093Ms. Choi and I made arrangements and went to a Buddhist Temple south of the Korean Border and made offerings in honor of those that are buried in the DMZ and have no one to memorialize them.

Boxing Used as Self-Defense

Boxing used as self-defense is very effective and I recommend it for anyone who wishes to learn to defend him or herself. I recommend for those that disagree that they do a Google search for street fights, before making rash judgments on learning another form of self-defense. From all my years in boxing and also being involved in more than my share of confrontations I have seen fights end with one well-placed punch. I have also had to deal with my share of loud mouth bullies who think that they can push people for no reason because no one has stood up to them.

 I have been putting a great deal of thought in how I could be of greater service to my community and the one gift that I have been blessed with is the ability to teach boxing

I have been putting a great deal of thought in how I could be of greater service to my community and the one gift that I have been blessed with is the ability to teach boxing

I have been teaching boxing for years and feel a great amount of pride knowing that I helped hundreds of boys and girls learn the art of boxing to defend against the bullies of the world. To see these young people grow into self-confident adults who carry themselves with dignity and honor motivates me to try and reach out and see if I can somehow reach a larger group. I have been putting a great deal of thought in how I could be of greater service to my community and the one gift that I have been blessed with is the ability to teach boxing. 

I have been talking with Zach Walters in how I can contribute more to his program, “ Jungle Boy Boxing Gym “ and we have decided to offer our services to those that want to learn the “ Art of Boxing “ without competing in matches. I am not just talking about another fitness boxing class taught on DVD garbage. I’m talking about really learning the art of boxing and getting all the benefits of boxing, self defense, physical conditioning, and self confidence.

If you want to get in great shape and have a physique of a fighter, if you want to get in the absolute best shape of your life, and if you want to be self-confident knowing that you can defend yourself Jungle Boy Boxing Gym is the right spot for you. We are highly trained with a well-proven track record of producing the best fighters that have ever come out of Duluth, MN.

If your Child is being bullied or is suffering with self-confidence issues that is causing them problems at home or at school we are the right fit. I have been helping young boxers for years and now I want to help all kids. You don’t have to compete to reap the benefits of our services. 

In State Match Ups, and Why It’s not the Best for the Sport

In state match ups can be a great marketing tool for promoters. Fans get to see great matches almost every time, but these matches may not be the best for our sport in the long run. There is a limited number of pro boxers in Minnesota and an even smaller number of them that have the opportunity to make it big on the world scene, or even the national scene. In the end the boxer makes his own choice on who he fights, but it’s usually a manager’s job to direct the boxer on his mission to get the most out of his career.

You want to know why Vanda vs Bonsante and Ladoux vs Bobick were such big fights? It’s because they met in the ring when their careers had matured. These matches produced a huge turnout to watch the showdown and the boxers have been adored by boxing fans for years after for being a part of such a big show.  Promoters want to make these kind of fights happen, why would they not? But they have to be patient in pulling the trigger on these fights and let the boxers develop. 

The idea of promoters pushing two young instate fighters to battle one another is for their own benefit and not that of the boxer, or the longevity of the sport. It’s a short sited move. When two young prospects face off their fans stack behind them which is great, but when the boxer has just started to build a fan base the turnout is average and the result of losing the match can cripple his career. His fans are just starting to enjoy the sport and if their boxer gets whacked out they may have reservations about buying a ticket to a future show. I know you can say “Well then…Those fans weren’t true fans if they can’t support their boxer through a loss.” But some fans do turn away and those fans matter just as much as the diehard fans. Our local boxers need as many fans as possible to come to shows because at the end of the day the fans are the ones supporting professional boxing. If no fans show up where is the revenue to pay the boxers going to come from? You don’t see businesses lining up to sponsor an empty house for a boxing show!

You say you want the best to fight the best, cool. But why should this mean two local up and coming boxing personalities facing off? A better method of building a prospect into a contender is to fight the best from out of state. Doesn’t this make more sense?

It’s also been said if a boxer’s career is developing in the ring and gaining momentum it’s because he’s ducking the others in the state. Bull! My take on things is if our promoters and managers take the time to develop our boxers’ careers without in state fights the fans will have more time to gravitate to the sport. Creating careers this way will give time for rivalries to build and when the time comes for the match to take place the promotion will be a great success, the boxers will make good purses, and the fans will see a great show!

Matt Vanda

Matt Vanda was managed and promoted by Tommy Brunette

Look at the career of Matt Vanda. He is a great example of developing his career to a peak level before fighting in state fights. After that point, every time he boxed an in state rival he brought a great set of skills, professional showmanship, a major record, and a major following to every one of these match ups. He sold the show! The attributes Matt Vanda brought to the fights were developed over a lengthy career. Not by fighting instate rivals for bread crumbs all the way up. He trained hard and learned the craft of pro boxing. He was managed and promoted by a former MN boxing genius, Tommy Brunette, and boxed out of state competition in front of thousands of adoring local fans. Matt Vanda could fight tomorrow and pack the house! This is a fact! 

The reason Matt Vanda can do this is because he was brought along on by a Tommy Brunette who knew how to get Vanda the most for his potential. Vanda has always been an exciting boxer to watch, but had he been mismanaged early on we may have never seen the great fights he gave us later in his career when he peaked. Vanda may have never got the opportunities he had out of state either! Having the stellar record he had was a golden ticket! 

Back in 2003 Vanda’s fight with MN Rival JJ Corn was a huge fight at the St Paul Armory. The crowd was insane and the match was incredible! This fight didn’t happen till JJ Corn was at 42-6 and Vanda was at 27-0! A big stage was built for a big fight! Vanda’s career was priming and JJ Corn’s career had peaked. That fight made sense. Another good fight and show was Vanda’s fight with Anthony Bonsante witch nearly filled up the Target Center. That fight happened after Matt Vanda had boxed on television and chased his dreams on the big stage though out of state. Bonsante had chased his dreams, boxed all over the US and Canada, and participated in the Contender Boxing show which gave him great exposure. Both careers had great momentum and the boxers were ready to meet. They had a rivalry going for a long time and both sides of the fan base were aware of it. The result of the match was a great show where both boxers made out with great purses and the promoter did well too! Everybody won regardless of the outcome in the ring. 

My point is if we want these big fights to happen and see Minnesota Boxing to do well we need to let the boxer’s careers develop. In state fights can be a lot of fun for the fans and very lucrative for the boxers, but this will not happen if boxers are guided into cancelling the other out before their careers peak. These will be smaller shows, but great fights. We all want HUGE shows with great fights!

State Title fights are a different story and it’s not what I’m talking about here. Same too goes for a boxer facing off with a logical developmental opponent from across the state. I’m talking about two prospects. State Title Championships are great exposure for the any boxer and justify an early meeting in the ring. Aside from that it would be better to match our boxers with opposition from out of state.

There is a poison in Minnesota where a boxer is attacked by rival boxing personalities soon as he shows a spark of potential in the ring. It’s the stigma that keeps our pond small. This approach to the other’s success in boxing is hurtful to the longevity of boxing in our state and it should stop. 

Al Sands

Al Sands has shown that his future is bright in the sport of boxing.

I’m not saying we should have our boxers fight cup cakes till their records inflate. I’m saying we need to do a better job of developing our boxers on their own against out of state competition. Do I think there are some good instate match ups? YES! But let their careers develop independently before having them face off.  Wait for them to prime and you will get a big show to enjoy! Al Sands vs Phil Williams is appealing, but that’s simply based on the fact that Al Sands has shown he’s capable of becoming something big in the sport. Sands has started to build a following in Northern Minnesota and has started to earn the recognition on the world stage from hard fought victories over good opposition. Williams has never developed a following in Minnesota big enough to headline his own show. Only three times has Williams been on the A-Side of a main event fight and the only show draw well was when he boxed Matt Vanda, which he lost. Otherwise Williams has been consistently on the B-Side of a fight showing promoters know he’s not a draw. He’s brought in to embellish the record of the guy he is fighting. William’s approach to challenging the most popular boxer near his weight class is the only card he can play. It’s too bad for him. He’s got a marked up record from fighting small purses and his career will never be what it could have been. I think he could have done a lot better for himself had he been managed better. 

The point of all this talk is to point out what looks like the problem and offer a solution. For boxing to grow in our state we need to become one big team. Minnesota vs everyone else! If we take care of our boxers and develop their careers we will get more boxers breaking through to the national scene. The local scene will get much better as well. 

Author: Zach Walters

The Importance of a Coach and Mentor in the Lives of Youth (Part Three)

In the last section of this three-part series we’ll look at the long-term benefits and positive outcomes of coaching and mentoring youth.  

Previously we pointed out the large amount of time youth are left unsupervised and the result of them finding less-than-ideal role models.  Through early intervention, coaches and mentors like Duluth, Minnesota boxing coach Chuck Horton are able to steer youth down a more desirable path.  By making them responsible for their actions, Horton is able to encourage positive behavior like attending school and staying sober.

Other organizations designed to match youth with mentors have seen similar success.  According to Public/Private Ventures study of Big Brothers Big Sisters, kids who meet regularly with mentors are 46% less likely to use illegal drugs, more likely to be active in school, and have a better/more communicative relationship with their parents.  

Horton is committed to helping young people in and outside of the gym.

Horton is committed to helping young people in and outside of the gym.

Coaches such as Horton help young people to develop goal-setting skills, increase self esteem, have better peer relationships, and reduce violence and risky behavior.  Horton’s expectation of seeing his athletes every day at the gym holds their feet to the fire.  This may be the first time these kids are being held accountable for themselves and their actions.  This new level of responsibility is a stepping stone to becoming a responsible adult.    

As students get older, mentors also help to guide them in college and career opportunities; perhaps going as far as helping with applications, cover letters, or résumés.  Without this guidance, many kids would find themselves adrift with a perception of nowhere to turn.  Or worse yet feel completely overwhelmed and just give up.

There is always the slight chance that a mentor will use his powers for evil instead of good.  He may show a less favorable route to success or give bad information.  After all, nothing in life is guaranteed.  But that doesn’t mean the slight risk should negate the substantial rewards of coaching and mentoring.

Overall I cannot emphasize enough the positive benefits of coaching and mentoring youth.  Programs like Horton’s give kids a chance to have constructive adult guidance, a well-rounded image of physical and mental health, a positive peer group, and a promising future.  If only every child had that.

Author: Roxanne Wilmes


The Importance of a Coach and a Mentor in the Lives of Youth (Part Two)

In part two of our three part series on the benefits of mentoring and coaching youth, we’ll look at who needs it most and why.

It is estimated that over 40% of teens’ waking hours are spent without adult supervision.  That means that nearly half of their time is spent making their own choices.  That can be kind of scary.  In part one we looked at the consequences of youth not utilizing mentoring or coaching opportunities.  By seeking out their own role models, teens may gravitate to a less-than-ideal person to emulate.  This is a common cry for help and where mentoring is needed most.

Chuck HortChuck Horton started his Golden Gloves Program as a means to help troubled youth.on

Chuck Horton started his Golden Gloves Program as a means to help troubled youth.

Chuck Horton has seen first-hand how mentoring can turn around the life of a young person.  The Duluth, Minnesota boxing coach has been charged over the years with mentoring a number of youth popping up in the juvenile offender system.  These kids desperately need mentoring and coaching, and Horton provides it.  Through his Golden Gloves program he brings them into the gym and teaches them discipline and the sport of boxing.  There are also life lessons too plentiful to count as the older boxers share their stories of the struggles of sobriety and life on the straight and narrow.

Many of the youth Horton sees come from disadvantaged or single parent homes.  They may be in that category of having too much time unsupervised and find themselves in with a bad crowd.  But that could happen to anyone, at any socio-economic level, in any neighborhood.  Sometimes kids are just struggling to find their niche, their band-of-brothers with whom they can bond and grow.  

Horton is happy to provide such a place and the boxing coach has done it many times, developing some into world ranked athletes.  He has taken teens and stripped them of their bad habits, their negativity, and their penchant for making bad choices.  Through mentoring and coaching he instills in them self confidence and positive beliefs.  By using physical conditioning, conversation, and mental exercises he has helped to turn their lives around.  Often times just when they needed it most.

Author: Roxanne Wilmes

 To learn more, check out Chuck Horton’s other sites.

The Importance of a Coach and a Mentor in the Lives of Youth (Part One)

Horton is there to guide a young person through a tough part of their life.

Horton is there to guide a young person through a tough part of their life.

In this three-part series we will look at the benefits of coaching and mentoring youth.  First you must define each term both on its own and also as it relates to the other.  A mentor will be someone who shares an equal level of power in a low-pressure mentoring relationship.  The bulk of the relationship is based on free-flowing conversation and guidance that takes place as mentors share their experiences and past mistakes to guide youth to better choices.

A coach on the other hand has a vested interest in the relationship.  For example, Duluth, Minnesota boxing coach Chuck Horton sees his job as one where he breaks the youth down, so to speak, to a base level and builds them back up.  There is a definite superior/subordinate relationship as they work toward specific goals such as a certain match or game.  Once those goals are met, the coach will measure, monitor, and adjust the program to keep the youth moving forward successfully.

The above definitions may seem to be splitting hairs to some.  After all, many coaches like Horton are also mentors to young people.  One way we see this crossover role is the delivery of positive affirmations to build confidence.  As a coach conveys his belief that a pupil is good/strong/fast enough to meet their desired goal, the student now begins to perceive himself that way, somewhat leveling the playing field with the expert, the coach.

Youth that do not have access to traditional mentors or coaches in their life may fill that need with a poor role model.  They might look to emulate someone with a criminal lifestyle, someone involved with drugs, or someone who is a bully.  They see that the role model’s negative behavior is getting them attention, albeit with negative results.  The young person now finds himself in a downward spiral where it is difficult to escape the path they’ve chosen.  The negative role model will seek to tighten his control of the relationship, pushing the youth further into trouble.

It is not impossible for someone in the last scenario to turn things around.  But they do need help, usually in the form of mentoring and positive guidance.  Often times that person has gone through a similar situation.  A coach like Horton can guide the young person through difficult choices, showing them the consequences of their actions depending on which path they choose to travel.  Left without such navigational guidance, youth have very little chance to right the ship.

Author: Roxanne Wilmes

 Please check out Chuck Horton’s other websites to learn more.

Where Boys Become Men, And Men Become Heroes

When I used to train amateur boxers at my old gym I used a motto when the fighters were having a hard condition session.  It was “Horton’s Gym is Where Boy’s Become Men, And Men Become Heroes.”  I would shout that over the music that blared in the background as the fighters would struggle through the routine of the day. It was my way of encouraging them to push through the pain. In life there is pain and there is struggle. I would push the fighters to go beyond their comfort zone. In life, as well as in boxing, we all have to push through struggles no matter the extent of the pain. This type of training helps develop the will power needed to succeed in the ring, and in life. 

Chuck Horton

Chuck Horton in the gym

I would often use humor and anger during these routines; I feel that one should learn to laugh at pain, to scream at pain or whatever emotion is needed to get through it. It is my experience that if you use emotion as you instruct, you will evoke emotions from those that are being instructed, and emotions always came to surface. It was my job to see and take mental note of which emotion each fighter used to get through their struggle.

 I wanted to see what drove the fighter to push through. I would praise the fighters that tried their best, and would take note of the ones who slacked. I would also use these sessions as team building exercises, Taking note of those that chastised, and also noting those that encouraged their teammates. I would quickly punish the slackers and the chastiser’s with extra conditioning after the drill. The slackers needed to learn to pull their own weight, that nobody could save them but themselves.  Those that chastised their teammates needed to learn that negativity is contagious and has to be prevented from spreading. 


In the next article, Chuck Horton will discuss the importance of storytelling to create the culture of a hero.

In Need of Self-Defense Training? Look Here for Info.

If anyone is looking to learn about, and work on self-defense practices, please refer to the information below about Zach Walter’s Jungle Boy Boxing Gym.


Mission statement from Coach Walters of the Jungle Boy Boxing Gym:

“I take my role as a coach very seriously. I’ll teach them the right way to box the first time. There are many boxers out there that were overlooked by coaches early in their boxing development. These boxers learn bad habits that are a pain to break. At Jungle Boy Boxing Gym we work extra hard to get them on the right track with proper fundamental so they can focus on excelling in the sport down the road instead of correcting bad habits. Yes, I’ll teach my boxers the fundamentals and strategies of boxing, but more importantly it’s my goal to role model what it takes to be successful at life. This means teaching how to deal with setbacks in a positive way and setting goals to aspire to. Life can be tough on kids, but with focus and drive they can see through the hard times to a better future. The success my boxers have in the ring is undetermined. It’s up to them how far they want to go. My goal is that they also learn to become better at life through their participation at my gym. Not just become skilled boxers.”

Jungle Boy Boxing

General Information: Gym Info: Boxing gym hours: 3:30-5:30 Monday – Thursday

Gym address: 914 W 3rd St. Duluth, MN 55806

Contact Information: Email: Phone: 218-940-8927 Facebook: Jungle Boy Boxing Gym

map for Jungle Boy

Walters’ Coaching Credentials:

Zach Walters spent 14 years as a boxer. Six years as an amateur boxer followed by a successful 8 year professional career. As an amateur boxer he boxed his way to the National Silver Gloves Tournament and fought to the quarter finals which landed him 3rd in the nation. As a senior boxer he fought in USA Boxing National Tournament twice in Colorado Springs, CO at the Olympic Training Center. In between those two trips he won the Upper Midwest Golden Gloves Championship and boxed at the Golden Gloves National Tournament. The following year Walters boxed through the USA State and 4-State tournaments and was on his way to the Nationals for a 5th time when he made the decision to turn professional. As a pro boxer, Walters started out 5-0 (4 KO) before dropping a hard fought decision in Tacoma, WA. His first loss was followed by a five fight knockout streak winning the Minnesota State Professional Boxing Title along the way. He faced off with Marty Lindquist and won by 2nd round knockout for the title. Zach also won the NABA-US Title, a national title, by second round knockout. A peak moment for him was fighting for the WBC-African Boxing Union Title. He boxed former world champion Carl Daniels and stopped him in the 8th round to win by TKO. Winning this title earned Walters a #12 in the world ranking by the WBC. Walters finished his career with a record of 24-5 (19 KO). You could say Zach Walters earned a degree in coaching from “The School of Hard Knocks”.

Golden Gloves:

The Golden Gloves program at the gym has gained a lot of popularity over the last few years through the monthly boxing shows at Grandma’s Sports Garden; “Golden Gloves at the Garden”. This program is for young men ages 17 and up. These boxers are trained to box and take their skills to the ring. Most of these boxers find themselves competing within the first three months. This all depends on their ability to pick up the skills needed to compete. Once these boxers have 5 fights in their book they become an “open fighter” and are eligible for the Senior USA Boxing Tournament and the Golden Gloves tournament. These tournaments take place in the early part of the year and wrap up around mid June. Both of these end at the National level and allow a boxer to become nationally ranked by the USA Olympic Boxing Committee. There are other boxing tournaments available and we plan on participating in them as the gym develops. Training for Golden Glove boxers is held 4 days a week: Monday through Thursday from 3:30 – 5:50.

Silver Gloves:

The Silver Gloves program is a newer entity to the gym. This program is for younger boxers age 9 – 16 years old. The only thing different from Golden Glove boxers is age. Some of these young boxers find that they have natural abilities well beyond their years. Once these boxers are “open fighters” (have fights in their books) they are eligible for the USA Silver Gloves tournament and the Junior Olympics tournament. These tournaments go all the way to the national level and offer great opportunities to travel about. The tournaments are one of the exciting parts of competition boxing. Boxing for Silver Gloves is held two days a week. Monday and Wednesday from 4:40 – 5:45 Sponsors and donations: There are two major ways to show support. Sponsorship of the fights and donations to the gym.

George Booth’s Testimonial

Hi, my name is George Booth. I have had the privilege and opportunity to be trained by Horton’s Gym owner Chuck Horton – I would like to share my experience of intense training. I learned a lot about discipline, dieting, and believing in myself. 

I can recall walking into the training class with anywhere from 6-12 people – all who were well ahead of me when it comes to fitness. I weighed in at 243 pounds (you could say my body mass was well over weight for a 5’10”). First thing that is very important with Chuck’s program is setting goals, understand why you’re in his class, and understand the commitment you have to make when you’re training. 

With that said I had no idea what I was getting into. I have joined other training classes that set up skills for football, baseball, and weight training. I was expecting a light fitness class. Well I was wrong! In the 6 months I was training I learned endurance. I was punching the bag for 3 minutes straight, breaking from standing in one place, moving my feet and lifting my arms. After 15-20 minutes my arms and legs were glue. I remember performing “Farmer Johnsons” for a minute back and forth – it felt like hours! 

Chuck had our class run a lot. I can recall the hills of Duluth MN. And these were not normal hills! They were steep inclines. I’d do pull-ups until I was exhausted, and then he’d start punching my belly. “Learn to breathe out” Chuck would say, “or you will have no wind left.” Chuck stressed that timing is very important when it comes to pushing your body to the limit. 

Imagine going 1 hour to 1.5 a day Monday through Friday with no breaks. Always pushing you to the edge where you had nothing left. That was my experience. I also was taught how to defend myself on the boxing moves Chuck showed me. Although I have not ever had to use these skills it’s always good to remember what Chuck had taught me. 

End result: in 6 months I lost 33 pounds, moving from fat to muscle. Thank you Chuck for pushing me and making me believe in my own ability. I recommend Chuck to any human that can handle his training. But never quit!!

How to Throw a Jab

The jab is the most important punch in boxing. It also very useful in a self-defense situation. A building needs a good foundation to stand against violent winds and a fighter needs a strong stance to withstand an attack.  So if you follow these steps you will have success in learning how to throw a simple and effective punch.  

When establishing an on-guard stance, keep your hands at eyebrow level and your elbows pointing down.

When establishing an on-guard stance, keep your hands at eyebrow level and your elbows pointing down. My guest: Jason Manning from 95 KQDS.

Stand up in your normal everyday upright position and step forward with your weaker leg approximately 18 inches (this will vary from person to person). Now that you’re standing, start swaying from front-to-back while keeping both feet firmly on the ground. Adjust your feet to accommodate any balance issues that are exposed while swaying.  Take mental note of these adjustments. Repeat this process while swaying side-to-side, and once again adjust to suit you.

Once you have established a good foundation from your new fighting stance it’s time to protect your centerline. The centerline is an imaginary line that runs down from the crown of your head, splitting your upper torso into a left and right half. Keeping the centerline in mind, bend your knees a few inches and bring both hands up to your eyebrow level while keeping your elbows pointing down.  You should feel comfortable in this position (this is referred to as an “on-guard” stance).  Rock back-and-forth in your new stance with your hands held high to protect your centerline while visualizing an attacker coming into your space. You might need to adjust your stance for your height. Once you are comfortable in this position fine tune it by tucking your chin under your front shoulder and shrugging your shoulders up while simultaneously humping your back. This should put you in a very decent protective stance.

Now that you know how to stand and defend, it’s important that you learn to throw a jab. From a relaxed on-guard position, drive off the ball of your rear foot while thrusting out your front fist or palm towards your imaginary opponent’s nose. Your fist or palm should make contact with the target a split second before your front foot hits the ground from the rear push. Now that you hit your opponent’s nose you want to immediately withdraw your hand by reversing the steps.  

This is the last time that Jason Manning will have an open shot at me.

This is the last time that Jason Manning will have an open shot at me.

You need to practice this at least a thousand times. It is good to practice while looking into a full length mirror.  Another option is to review YouTube videos on how to throw a jab as well. Some key points to remember is to balance on your feet while holding your hands high to protect your centerline. Keep your chin down with your shoulders and back hunched. Elbows down. Hands and arms in front of your face and head.

Keep in mind that you might become very proficient in learning how to throw a jab if you read and follow these steps, but that this in no way going to make you a complete fighter. Please seek the advice of a boxing coach or self-defense instructor in person to improve your form as well as to give you practical advice. While seeking a coach, always ask who they have trained. Seek only the advice from those that have proof of their skills.